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Tuesday, July 26, 2016

AILA: Letter to UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples


Ms. Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights



July 26, 2016

Dear Ms. Tauli-Corpuz,

Warm and respectful greetings. On behalf of the American Indian Law Alliance and the Continental Commission Abya Yala Turtle Island, we extend our appreciation and support for your request to conduct an official visit to the UN member state of Mexico for the purposes of evaluating and reporting on the human rights of Indigenous Peoples of that country in your capacity as UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples.

One year and exactly ten months ago, 43 of our Indigenous brothers of the Ayotzinapa Normal School were forcibly disappeared in Iguala, Guerrero. To this day, the mothers, fathers, and families of these students have been left without answers and responsible investigations as to the whereabouts of their loved ones, missing now for 22 months.

The systematic persecution against the Indigenous Peoples of Mexico, in violation of their basic human rights, including the right to self-determination as Peoples, equal to all other Peoples, originates in the Doctrine of Discovery of Christendom (1492) which extends across the continent and the world.

In the spirit of justice and world peace, we share in the same struggle as our sister nations in Mexico and across the world in our continued pursuit of recognition, respect, and guarantees for the protection of our collective rights as Nations of Indigenous Peoples.

We appreciate your announcement requesting an official visit of the UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples to Mexico and thank you for your diligence in this matter. We look forward to keeping in contact with you throughout this process.

Sincerely,

Ms. Betty Lyons Gaeñ hia uh (Onondaga Nation)
American Indian Law Alliance, President and Executive Director


CC:
Ms. Hee-Kyong Yoo
Ms. Patricia Borraz;
Mr. Tupac Enrique

**********************
 
Sra. Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, Relatora Especial de la ONU sobre los derechos de los pueblos indígenas

Oficina del Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Derechos Humanos

26 de de julio de, el año 2016

Estimada Sra. Tauli-Corpuz,

Un saludo fraterno y respetuoso. En nombre de American Indian Law Alliance  y la Comisión Continental Abya Yala de la Gran Isla Tortuga, extendemos nuestro reconocimiento y apoyo a su solicitud de realizar una visita oficial al estado miembro de la ONU México para realizer una evaluación y reporte sobre los derechos humanos de pueblos indígenas de ese país en su calidad de Relatora Especial de la ONU sobre los derechos de los pueblos indígenas.

Hace exactamente un año y 10 meses, 43 de nuestros hermanos indígenas de la Escuela Normal de Ayotzinapa fueron desaparecidas forzadamente en Iguala, Guerrero. Hasta el día de hoy, las madres, los padres y las familias de estos estudiantes se han quedado sin respuestas e investigaciones responsables sobre el paradero de sus seres queridos desaparecidos, ahora durante 22 meses.

La persecución sistemática contra los pueblos indígenas de México, en violación de sus derechos humanos fundamentales, incluido el derecho a la libre determinación como pueblos, iguales a todos los demás pueblos, tiene su origen en la Doctrina del Descubrimiento de la Cristiandad (1492) que se extiende por todo el continente y el mundo.

En el espíritu de la justicia y la paz mundial, compartimos la misma lucha que nuestras naciones hermanas en México y en todo el mundo en nuestra continua búsqueda del reconocimiento, el respeto y garantías para la protección de nuestros derechos colectivos como las Naciones de Pueblos Originarios.

Apreciamos su anuncio de solicitud para una visita oficial del Relatora Especial de la ONU sobre los derechos de los pueblos indígenas a México y gracias por su diligencia en esta materia. Esperamos poder mantener el contacto con usted a través de este proceso.

Sinceramente,

Sra. Betty Lyons GAEN hia uh (Nación Onondaga)
American Indian Law Alliance, Presidente y Director Ejecutivo

CC: 
Sra. Hee-Kyong Yoo;
Sra. Patricia Borraz;
Sr. Tupac Enrique



AILA: Carta a la Relatora Especial sobre derechos de los Pueblos Indigenas de las Naciones Unidas



Sra. Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, Relatora Especial de la ONU sobre los derechos de los pueblos indígenas

Oficina del Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Derechos Humanos



26 de de julio, año 2016



Estimada Sra. Tauli-Corpuz,

Un saludo fraterno y respetuoso. En nombre del American Indian Law Alliance y la Comisión Continental Abya Yala de la Gran Isla Tortuga, extendemos nuestro reconocimiento y apoyo a su solicitud de una visita oficial al estado miembro de la ONU de México para realizar una evaluación y reporte sobre los derechos humanos de pueblos indígenas de ese país en su calidad de Relatora Especial de la ONU sobre los derechos de los pueblos indígenas.

Hace exactamente un año y diez meses que 43 de nuestros hermanos indígenas de la Escuela Normal de Ayotzinapa fueron Desaparecidas Forzadamente en Iguala, Guerrero. Hasta el día de hoy, las madres, los padres y las familias de estos estudiantes se han quedado sin respuestas y sin investigaciones responsables sobre el paradero de sus seres queridos desaparecidos, ahora durante ya 22 meses.

La persecución sistemática contra los Pueblos Originarios de México, en violación de sus derechos humanos fundamentales, incluido el derecho a la libre determinación como pueblos, iguales a todos los demás pueblos, tiene su origen en la Doctrina del Descubrimiento de la Cristiandad (1492) que se extiende por todo el continente y el mundo.

En el espíritu de la justicia y la paz mundial, compartimos la misma lucha que nuestras naciones hermanas en México y en todo el mundo en nuestra continua búsqueda por el reconocimiento, el respeto y garantías para la protección de nuestros derechos colectivos como las Naciones de los Pueblos Indígenas de la Madre Tierra.

Apreciamos su anuncio de solicitud para una visita oficial como Relatora Especial de la ONU sobre los derechos de los pueblos indígenas a México y somos agradecidos por su diligencia en esta materia. Esperamos poder mantener contacto con usted a través de este proceso.


Sinceramente,



Sra. Betty Lyons GAEN hia uh (Nación Onondaga)

American Indian Law Alliance, Presidente y Director Ejecutivo

CC:
Sra. Hee-Kyong Yoo;
Sra. Patricia Borraz;
Sr. Tupac Enrique


**********************************

AILA: Letter to UN Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Rights


Ms. Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

July 26, 2016

Dear Ms. Tauli-Corpuz,

Warm and respectful greetings. On behalf of the American Indian Law Alliance and the Continental Commission Abya Yala Turtle Island, we extend our appreciation and support for your request to conduct an official visit to the UN member state of Mexico for the purposes of evaluating and reporting on the human rights of Indigenous Peoples of that country in your capacity as UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples.

One year and exactly ten months ago, 43 of our Indigenous brothers of the Ayotzinapa Normal School were forcibly disappeared in Iguala, Guerrero. To this day, the mothers, fathers, and families of these students have been left without answers and responsible investigations as to the whereabouts of their loved ones, missing now for 22 months.



The systematic persecution against the Indigenous Peoples of Mexico, in violation of their basic human rights, including the right to self-determination as Peoples, equal to all other Peoples, originates in the Doctrine of Discovery of Christendom (1492) which extends across the continent and the world.

In the spirit of justice and world peace, we share in the same struggle as our sister nations in Mexico and across the world in our continued pursuit of recognition, respect, and guarantees for the protection of our collective rights as Nations of Indigenous Peoples.

We appreciate your announcement requesting an official visit of the UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples to Mexico and thank you for your diligence in this matter. We look forward to keeping in contact with you throughout this process.

Sincerely,

Ms. Betty Lyons Gaeñ hia uh (Onondaga Nation)

American Indian Law Alliance, President and Executive Director
CC:
Ms. Hee-Kyong Yoo;
Ms. Patricia Borraz;
Mr. Tupac Enrique Acosta

AILA: Letter to UN Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Rights


Ms. Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples 

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

July 26, 2016

Dear Ms. Tauli-Corpuz,

Warm and respectful greetings. On behalf of the American Indian Law Alliance and the Continental Commission Abya Yala Turtle Island, we extend our appreciation and support for your request to conduct an official visit to the UN member state of Mexico for the purposes of evaluating and reporting on the human rights of Indigenous Peoples of that country in your capacity as UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples.

One year and exactly ten months ago, 43 of our Indigenous brothers of the Ayotzinapa Normal School were forcibly disappeared in Iguala, Guerrero. To this day, the mothers, fathers, and families of these students have been left without answers and responsible investigations as to the whereabouts of their loved ones, missing now for 22 months.

The systematic persecution against the Indigenous Peoples of Mexico, in violation of their basic human rights, including the right to self-determination as Peoples, equal to all other Peoples, originates in the Doctrine of Discovery of Christendom (1492) which extends across the continent and the world.

In the spirit of justice and world peace, we share in the same struggle as our sister nations in Mexico and across the world in our continued pursuit of recognition, respect, and guarantees for the protection of our collective rights as Nations of Indigenous Peoples.

We appreciate your announcement requesting an official visit of the UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples to Mexico and thank you for your diligence in this matter. We look forward to keeping in contact with you throughout this process.

Sincerely,

Ms. Betty Lyons Gaeñ hia uh (Onondaga Nation)
American Indian Law Alliance, President and Executive Director

CC:
Ms. Hee-Kyong Yoo;
Ms. Patricia Borraz;
Mr. Tupac Enrique Acosta

 
Sra. Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, Relatora Especial de la ONU sobre los derechos de los pueblos indígenas

Oficina del Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Derechos Humanos

26 de de julio de 2016

Estimada Sra. Tauli-Corpuz,

Un saludo fraterno y respetuoso. En nombre de American Indian Law Alliance  y la Comisión Continental Abya Yala de la Gran Isla Tortuga, extendemos nuestro reconocimiento y apoyo a su solicitud de realizar una visita oficial al estado miembro de la ONU México para realizer una evaluación y reporte sobre los derechos humanos de pueblos indígenas de ese país en su calidad de Relatora Especial de la ONU sobre los derechos de los pueblos indígenas.

Hace exactamente un año y 10 meses, 43 de nuestros hermanos indígenas de la Escuela Normal de Ayotzinapa fueron desaparecidas forzadamente en Iguala, Guerrero. Hasta el día de hoy, las madres, los padres y las familias de estos estudiantes se han quedado sin respuestas e investigaciones responsables sobre el paradero de sus seres queridos desaparecidos, ahora durante 22 meses.

La persecución sistemática contra los pueblos indígenas de México, en violación de sus derechos humanos fundamentales, incluido el derecho a la libre determinación como pueblos, iguales a todos los demás pueblos, tiene su origen en la Doctrina del Descubrimiento de la Cristiandad (1492) que se extiende por todo el continente y el mundo.

En el espíritu de la justicia y la paz mundial, compartimos la misma lucha que nuestras naciones hermanas en México y en todo el mundo en nuestra continua búsqueda del reconocimiento, el respeto y garantías para la protección de nuestros derechos colectivos como las Naciones de Pueblos Originarios.

Apreciamos su anuncio de solicitud para una visita oficial del Relatora Especial de la ONU sobre los derechos de los pueblos indígenas a México y gracias por su diligencia en esta materia. Esperamos poder mantener el contacto con usted a través de este proceso.

Sinceramente,

Sra. Betty Lyons GAEN hia uh (Nación Onondaga)

American Indian Law Alliance, Presidente y Director Ejecutivo

CC: Sra. Hee-Kyong Yoo;
Sra. Patricia Borraz;
Sr. Tupac Enrique Acosta



Friday, July 1, 2016

AILA: Intervención Conjunta sobre la Participación de los Pueblos Indígenas en la ONU








Esta intervención conjunta recibe la aprobación por las Naciones Organizaciones siguientes: Presentado por: La Nación Onondaga y American Indian Law Alliance; afirmado por las Naciones: Comisión de Relaciones Exteriores Haudenosaunee; Banda Costera de la Nación Chumash; Pueblo Moenkopi, Hopi Nación [Arizona]; Ngā Ariki Kaipūtahi, Aotearoa; Nación Ochapowace; afirmado por las Organizaciones: Comisión Aborigen por los Derechos Humanos y la Justicia; Consejo de los Pueblos Indígenas sobre Biocolonialismo; Iniciativa de Valores Indígenas; Los Vecinos de la Nación Onondaga; Instituto de Lugares Sagrados; Fondo Séptima Generación de los Pueblos Indígenas; Diáspora Sur Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo; y TONATIERRA.

Presentado en las Consultas sobre la Participación de los Pueblos indígenas en las Naciones Unidas.

Presentado verbalmente el 30 de junio de 2016; Sede de las Naciones Unidas, Nueva York.


1. Mi nombre original es Gaén hia uh, mi nombre colonizado es Betty Lyons y yo soy una orgullosa ciudadana de la Nación Onondaga y Presidenta de la American Indian Law Alliance. 

Cuerpo para Supervisar Acreditación: Violación de la Libre Determinación 

2. Seguimos afirmando que este órgano propuesto para supervisar la acreditación es una violación directa de nuestro derecho a la libre determinación según lo previsto en el artículo 3 de la Declaración de las Naciones Unidas sobre los Derechos de los Pueblos Indígenas (DNUDPI).

3. La sugerencia de que los estados miembros de la ONU de alguna manera tienen el derecho de determinar quién se le permitirá una participación aumentada por acreditación es discriminatoria en su cara.

4. Hacer los pueblos indígenas sentarse junto a los estados miembros para determinar quién es merecedor de participación aumentada es un ejemplo de la misma mentalidad de divide y vencerás derivada de la Doctrina del Descubrimiento el que hemos estado luchando desde el primer contacto con los estados colonizadores y sus antecedentes de las colonias reales. Estos mismos procesos utilizados por la colonización se sugieren ahora para ser implementados como una herramienta burocrática para la "acreditación."

5. Muchos estados miembros de la ONU ni siquiera reconocen la existencia de los Pueblos Indígenas que viven dentro de sus fronteras. Incluso los estados miembros que reconocen algunos de los pueblos indígenas que viven dentro de sus fronteras, continúan negando a los demás.

6. La propuesta para la participación aumentada prevista para los pueblos indígenas es discriminatoria cuando muchos estados miembros manipulan el proceso para imponer mayores restricciones sobre quién puede intervenir, bajo el pretexto de una esquema burocrática de aumentar la participación de os Pueblos Indígenas en la ONU.

7. Aunque la Confederación Haudenosaunee encaja en los criterios propuestos para aumentar la participación de los Pueblos Indígenas en la ONU, es nuestra responsabilidad y obligación de solidarizarnos con nuestros hermanos y hermanas que siguen siendo marginados por los mismos procesos de la ONU que se supone fueron instituidos para promover los derechos de los pueblos indígenas. 

Negamos Consentimiento 

8. También sometemos que la consulta electrónica no es lo mismo como una consulta plena, y la consulta no es consentimiento. Para muchos de nuestros hermanos y hermanas, el Internet no es accesible en sus territorios.

9. Nos preocupamos que los individuos que tienen una afiliación directa con los estados miembros de la ONU se les dará prioridad a intervenir y participar por encima de Naciones y Pueblos Indígenas que son independientes de los estados miembros de la ONU.

10. Como se observó con el pequeño número de personas que asistieron hoy esta consulta, podemos ver claramente que sólo unas pocas voces son escuchadas con respecto a estas importantes discusiones.


Nada sobre nosotros, sin nosotros 

11. Estamos de acuerdo en que los mecanismos actuales de las Naciones Unidas impiden la participación plena, igualitaria, y efectivo de los Pueblos y Naciones Indígenas en el sistema de la ONU. Somos Pueblos, iguales a todos los demás pueblos y merecemos la plena participación no nomas una participación aumentada.

12. Recomendamos y afirmamos que debemos ser reconocidos como nuestros propios expertos en cualquier foro que nos concierne y debemos tener una participación plena, igualitaria  y efectiva en todos los foros de la ONU.

13. Recomendamos que los Pueblos Indígenas seleccionamos asesores propios a través de nuestros propios procesos tradicionales, como hacemos La Confederación Haudenosaunee, para asistir a los asesores al Presidente de la Asamblea General en un mismo nivel de para llegar a un plan más comprehensivo e inclusivo para la participación con el sistema de la ONU.

###

Traducción: TONATIERRA
**************

AILA: Intervention at the UN Consultation on Indigenous Participation


This joint intervention is endorsed by the following Nations and Indigenous organizations: Presented by: The Onondaga Nation and American Indian Law Alliance; with Nations: Haudenosaunee External Relations Committee; Coastal Band of the Chumash Nation; Hopi, Moenkopi village, Arizona; Ngā Ariki Kaipūtahi, Aotearoa ; Ochapowace Nation; with Organizations:  Aboriginal  Commission for Human  Rights  and  Justice; Indigenous  Peoples Council on Biocolonialism;  Indigenous Values Initiative;  Neighbors of the Onondaga Nation; Sacred Places Institute; Seventh Generation Fund for Indigenous Peoples; Southern Diaspora Research & Development Center; and TONATIERRA.

Presented at the Consultation Regarding Enhanced Participation for Indigenous Peoples at the United Nations.
Presented verbally on 30 June 2016; UN Headquarters, New York City.

1.         My original name is Gaen hia uh, my colonized  name is Betty Lyons  and I am a proud citizen of the Onondaga Nation and President of the American Indian Law Alliance.
Body to Oversee Accreditation: Violation of Self-Determination


2.         We continue to assert that this proposed body to oversee accreditation is in direct violation of our  right to self-determination  as provided  for  under  Article  3 of the  United  Nations  Declaration  on the  Rights  of Indigenous   Peoples (UNDRIP).

3.         The suggestion that UN member states somehow have the right to determine who will be allowed enhanced participation accreditation is discriminatory  on its  face.

4.         Asking Indigenous Peoples to sit alongside member states to determine who is  deserving  of enhanced participation is the same divide and conquer mentality derived from the Doctrine of Discovery which we have been fighting  since  contact.  The same processes used to colonize  us are being  suggested to be implemented  as a tool for ‘accreditation.’

5.         Many UN member states do not even recognize that they  have  Indigenous  Peoples living  within  their borders. Even member states which recognize some  of the Indigenous  Peoples living  within their  borders, continue   to deny others.

6.     The proposed enhanced participation for Indigenous Peoples is discriminatory when many member states look to impose  greater  restrictions of who  can speak under  the  guise  of enhanced participation.

7.       Although the Haudenosaunee fit into the proposed criteria for enhanced participation, it is our responsibility and obligation to stand by our Indigenous brothers and sisters that continue to be marginalized  by the  very UN processes  that  were supposed to be implemented to further the rights  of Indigenous  Peoples.

We Deny Consent

8.      We also submit that electronic consultation is not consultation and consultation is not  consent. For many of our sisters and brothers, internet is not accessible in their territories.

9.     We fear that individuals which have a direct affiliation with UN member  states will  be given priority to speak and participate above Indigenous Nations  and Peoples  who are independent  of  UN member states.

10.    As observed by the small number of people in attendance today, we can clearly  see that  only a few voices  are heard  regarding  these  important discussions.

Nothing About Us, Without Us

11.       We agree that the current mechanisms for Indigenous Peoples and Nations prevent our full, equal and effective participation. We are peoples equal to all other peoples and deserve full participation and not enhanced participation.

12.       We recommend and affirm that we must be recognized as our own experts in any forum concerning us and we must have full, equal and effective participation in all UN fora.

13.       We recommend that Indigenous Peoples selected through our traditional processes; like the Haudenosaunee, assist advisers on an equal level to come up with a more comprehensive and inclusive plan for participation.

###

Wednesday, May 18, 2016

AYOTZINAPA Fact Sheet


AYOTZINAPA
Ref: Fact Sheet


May 10, 2016.

Ayotzinapa case.

Brief description of facts

As is widely known, on September 26, 2014 students of the Rural Normal Raúl Isidro Burgos Ayotzinapa, Guerrero were attacked indiscriminately by different security forces of the State with the participation of organized crime, in different places and scenarios of the city of Iguala, Guerrero, with a balance of 43 missing students, 3 killed and five injured. In addition and in different scenarios have been killed 3 people and injured a dozen more.

Current status of the case

Days after the fact the Attorney General's Office (PGR) initiated the preliminary investigation number PGR / SEIDO / UEIDMS / 001/2015 in connection with the disappearance of 43 student teachers. In late 2014 the Attorney General issued a public statement in regards to conclusions in the investigation. This he called the "historical truth" of the case Ayotzinapa. These findings were based mainly on oral evidence.

The testimonies said that 43 students had been delivered by the Municipal Police Iguala and Cocula the criminal group Guerrero Unidos who then murdered them, then built a pyre of wood in which cremated their bodies and ashes have been thrown into Rio San Juan.

In the public dump of Cocula hundreds of skeletal remains were analyzed by experts of the PGR and the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team (EAAF) found. All of the scientific studies have failed to show that the traces of human remains correspond to the missing students. By contrast, independent surveys as the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (IGIE) and EAAF have established that there is no physical evidence that leads to the conclusion that on 26 and 27 September there had been a fire of the necessary dimensions to incinerate 43 people.

On November 12, 2014 and as part of the Precautionary Measures MC / 409/14 with the Mexican State, the Commission and representatives of the victims signed a technical assistance agreement by which a group of experts would instituted to help with investigations, recommending lines of inquiry and investigation of the missing and developing a plan of the care victim's kin.

With the cooperation of the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (IGIE) in our country, the research took a different turn. In September 2015 the IGIE issued its first report. In unveiled data and elements important for further investigations. For the first time the government's "historical truth" came to be questioned and suggestions for new lines of research based upon the existing evidence which was presented in the first report.

Mothers and parents of the 43 missing students and their representatives demanded that the government continue research because there are no truths established in the investigation of the case and called for the creation of a specialized unit within the PGR to conduct the investigations.

At the end of 2015 the Special Unit for the Investigation Case Ayotzinapa (the Unit) composed of a multidisciplinary team that took over the case, establishing new lines of investigation and search was created. The IGIE worked closely with the Unit, with recommendations of diligence and performing searches. However, the new research body did not have the institutional support of the Federal government, and often lacked independence and institutional strength, so that the critical decisions of investigations of the case were assumed by other areas and directors within the PGR. Even further, the Unit it began to hinder the work of IGIE. They repeatedly denied entry to the prisons to interview detainees by Ayotzinapa long case and were given to their applications.

In the months of February and March this year a smear campaign was launched against members of IGIE trying to diminish their prestige, orchestrated by the media, during which the government never issued a public stance of institutional support for the Interdisciplinary Group of International Experts.  Conversely, in many cases the public discourse of senior officials of the Federal Government was in tune with media fabrications.

April 30 of this year marked the end the second term of IGIE without the possibility of a third term because the Mexican government refused to create the conditions to allow for an extension, although pending investigations are not elucidated and still the whereabouts of the normalistas is unknown.

However, on 24 April this year the IGIE gave their second and final report from which there stand three fundamental elements:

a) The report describes a deficient and irregular research with which he hid and obstructed the truth and justice, as shown.

b) That the work is hindered IGIE.

c) That the accused were tortured and mainly those whose statements support the official truth.

d) New data and research were established.

e) As such research must continue the tenor of the data elements described in the reports of IGIE, establishing a new narrative of the facts and emphasizing other routes different to the dustbin of Cocula research that offers no prospects truth and justice.

What's next for the mothers and fathers:
    
From the perspective of the government, the research on the Ayotzinapa case is purportedly conclusive, the thesis of the Public Dump of Cocula is the official truth, and therefore, the case is solved. With more than 180 arrests the conditions are now so that in the coming months all the preliminary investigation will be presented as appropriate and the case will be declared closed.

A third course of Expert opinion issued by a panel of six incendiary experts, still unfinished, seems to confirm this. On 1 April improperly and without regard to IGIE, the PGR and the panel of incendiary experts made public the conclusions of this third group of experts by establishing three quite confusing conclusions:

a) That, there was an incendiary event of a controlled large fire in the Public Dump of Cocula, b) That the fire were burned 17 people c) that more large-scale testing will be have to be done to determine whether the burning of 43 bodies 43 is possible. 

As can be inferred from the conclusions themselves follows that the third expert report is not a final document, however the media presented it as such, even making tendentious interpretations and assurances of fact and circumstances not expressed by the opinion itself.

The EAAF has clearly refuted this third report, and even made public the scientific issues in debate to generate an informed public. Stressing that there is no physical evidence that the skeletal remains found belong to the 43 students of Ayotzinapa; or that the fire mentioned by the third report corresponds to that of 26 and 27 September 2014, because there multiple fires events have occurred.

In fact, to date the whereabouts of the normalistas has not been established, the government thesis of the Public Dump of Cocula still has a number of inconsistencies that only gives more uncertainty to parents.

In the second report as we have expressed realizes the existence several elements, testing and research that needs o be exhausted to clarify what happened to the 43 normalistas. Far from closing the case the IGIE has expressed the need to establish a new narrative of facts, the removal from office of officials who have obstructed the truth and follow up on the recommendations of its reports.

From the perspective of parents and students what is necessary is an objective, prompt and impartial investigation with international scrutiny. Therefore, the demand is that the Mexican State act to implement the Special Mechanism for follow-up which was called for by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights at its 157th session on 14 April 2016, since the Mexican government has refused to answer the call by the Commission to finalize the monitoring mechanism in reference to the case of Ayotzinapa.


BEST REGARDS.

BY TLACHINOLLAN.